Aphonia occurs when a person is completely voiceless and hoarseness or hoarseness, when the voice loses acoustic quality, ie, changes tone and becomes more dirty. The discomfort in the throat are common symptoms of the cold and are very frequent in children and young people.

The simple breath that is used unconsciously and automatically in daily life is not enough for those who use the voice as a work tool. 90% of vocal insufficiency or fatigue comes from inadequate breathing.

The sound of speech is produced by the vibration of the vocal cords in tension and due to the air passing through them. That’s why you should never speak in inspiration. The inspiration must be nasal, after which it is necessary to pause and then exhale through the mouth, in the form of a soft and prolonged murmur. This breath is what produces the voice.

The expiratory breath should not contract the muscles of the neck. If the muscle balance is disturbed by an exaggerated breathing or a diminished murmur, the vocal disorder will not wait. The progressive practice of relaxation allows to eliminate muscular tensions that are adverse to good phonation.
Causes:

Diseases of the respiratory system. The most important is laryngitis or inflammation of the larynx, pharyngitis or inflammation of the pharynx, tonsillitis or inflammation of the tonsils (tonsils), persistent cough, allergies, nodules, tumors, etc …

A hoarse voice, or with a different tone or intensity may appear in certain cases of nervousness. Sometimes it appears hoarse or, sometimes, acute.

Some cases of aphonia and dysphonia may respond to a psychoneurosis, which is a mental disorder in which the patient believes that he has lost his voice. Although physically no problem is detected in the larynx, the person loses the ability to voice voluntarily. In this case there is no organic pathology in the larynx, but the origin of the vocal alteration is due to the fact that a series of fears and anxieties are somatized and aphonia or dysphonia are used as forms of self-defense.
Precautions

People who, due to work force the voice (teachers, singers, salespeople, public relations, announcers, etc …) must pay special attention.

Shouts that express strong emotions and prolonged crying can affect the voice, especially in children.
Avoid

Ingestion of toxic or irritant products: tobacco or alcohol.

Cold contact with the throat either through the weather or by drinking cold water or ice cream.
Natural medicine

Ginger is very recommended for the affections of the throat.
You can try directly with sucking a piece of ginger root.
Prepare a tisane with grated ginger root, with a little lemon juice and a few tablespoons of honey, to sweeten and enhance its effects.
Another of the excellent natural remedies against aphonia is the combination of onion and brown sugar.
Boil two large onions in a pint of water for 15 or 20 minutes.
Strain the liquid and add a few tablespoons of brown sugar.
Store in the refrigerator and drink several times a day.
Cabbages, especially cabbage, are very useful as home remedies against aphonia. The advisable thing is that you prepare a green cabbage shake.
Take several leaves and add a little water if necessary, to achieve an adequate consistency when liquefying. It is preferable to drink it before going to sleep.
Some of the plants recommended for the treatment of aphonia are: elderberry, lime blossom, mallow flower, mullein, sage, mint, marshmallow, chamomile, coltsfoot and aquiline.
Choose between three and five floors of the aforementioned, in equal parts; Put a teaspoon of dessert of each of them in a cup with boiling water, let stand 10 – 15 minutes and once the time has elapsed strain the infusion and take 2 – 3 cups a day, outside of the meals.
Gargle with an infusion of sage leaves, for which you put a teaspoon of sage in a cup of boiling water, let it rest for 5 minutes, strain it and when it is warm, gargles are made every 2 – 3 hours. The astringent sensation that it produces in the throat can be annoying to the children; To avoid this, an infusion can be prepared with sage and chamomile, in equal parts.
Infusion of thyme, honey and lemon. Put a teaspoon of thyme in a cup of boiling water, let it sit for 10 minutes and then strain the infusion. Before taking it add the juice of half a lemon and a tablespoon of rosemary honey. Drink the preparation slowly.
An excellent remedy for throat complaints is to drink a glass of hot water to which 8 drops of propolis extract have been added.

Bach flowers

Minor centaury is advisable for its antitussive and stimulating properties of the body’s natural defenses.

Psychological aspect

The affections of the throat show a repression of anger. Feeling unable to express yourself Inability to assert itself
Repressed rage